## Math

**Program Description:**

**Generally Prepares Individuals for: **Actuarial Science; Applied Mathematics; Biometry/Biometrics; Biostatistics; Computational Mathematics; Statistics

**GENERAL DESCRIPTION**

Mathematics is the basic language of physical science and engineering. It also has important applications in the social and natural sciences, and in business administration. Programs in Mathematics intend to provide a wide range of mathematical skills, such as applying definitions and hypotheses to specific problems, and following them to their logical conclusions. Many mathematics majors also take education courses in order to be certified as teachers. Others go on to graduate school in Mathematics or Engineering, or in related programs such as Physics and Astronomy. Still others seek employment in business, government, or industry.

Nearly all four-year colleges and universities offer bachelor’s degree programs in Mathematics, and many offer master’s and doctoral degree programs. Most community colleges offer two-year programs which can be transferred to a four-year college or university.

**Actuarial Science** is a program that prepares students to analyze uncertainty, risk, and probability, and apply the results to insurance, employee benefits, investments, and other business management problems. Courses may be offered in departments of Actuarial Science, Mathematics, Statistics, or Business Management, and include actuarial science and actuarial modeling, calculus, differential equations, financial mathematics, statistics, probability, and risk analysis and management. Courses in business management, economics, finance, and computer science are recommended. Undergraduate courses prepare students to take professional exams offered by the Society of Actuaries, although graduate programs are also available.

Programs in **Applied Mathematics** focus on the application of mathematics and statistics to the solution of functional problems in fields such as engineering and the applied sciences. Typical coursework includes in natural phenomena modeling continuum mechanics, reaction-diffusion, wave propagation, dynamic systems, numerical analysis, controlled theory, asymptotic methods, variation, optimization theory, inverse problems, and applications to specific scientific and industrial topics.

Programs in **Biometry/Biometrics** focus on the application of statistics and other computational methods to the study of problems in the biological sciences and related fields in agriculture and natural resources. Typical coursework includes: computational biology, mathematical statistics, matrix algebra, applied calculus, experimental design, linear modeling, sampling theory, stochastic processes, spatial and temporal analysis, longitudinal analysis, sparse/unbalanced data and complex breeding, forest genetics, population dynamics, wildlife biometry, ecology and agricultural and natural resource management.

Programs in **Biostatistics** focus on the application of descriptive and inferential statistics to biomedical research and clinical, public health, and industrial issues related to human populations. Instruction includes mathematical statistics, modeling, clinical trials methodology, disease and survival analysis, longitudinal analysis, spatial analysis, computer tomography, biostatistics consulting, and applications to topics as genetics, oncology, pharmacokinetics, physiology, neurobiology, and biophysics.

Programs in **Computational Mathematics** focus on the application of mathematics to the theory, architecture, and design of computers, computational techniques, and algorithms. Typical coursework includes in computer theory, cybernetics, numerical analysis, algorithm development, binary structures, advanced statistics and related topics.

**Statistics, General** is a general program that focuses on the relationships between groups of measurements, and similarities and differences, using probability theory and techniques derived from it. Typical coursework includes: probability theory, binomial distribution, regression analysis, standard deviation, stochastic processes, Monte Carlo method, Bayesian statistics, non-parametric statistics, sampling theory, and statistical techniques.

**PROGRAM ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS**

A high school diploma or its equivalent is normally required for admission to undergraduate programs. A background in algebra, geometry, and trigonometry is usually recommended. A bachelor’s degree in Mathematics, or in a related field, such as Physics, is usually required for admission to graduate programs in Mathematics.

**TYPICAL COURSE WORK**

Although the courses included are typical for this program, the curriculum offered can vary greatly from school to school. We recommend that you visit school web sites for specific course descriptions or check the school catalogs.

Instruction is mostly lecture, followed by study and problem solving. Mathematics programs include all or most of the following:

- Analytic Geometry
- Calculus
- Computing
- Differential Equations
- Linear Algebra
- Numerical Analysis
- Probability and Statistics
- Theory of Numbers
- Vector Analysis

Other courses include degree requirements in English, the social sciences, and the physical sciences. See college catalogs for a complete description of course work.

**GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS**

Requirements vary. See college catalogs for detailed information.

**THINGS TO KNOW**

Some Mathematics majors combine Mathematics with related fields such as statistics, computer science, Economics and biology.

**RELATED MAJORS OR PROGRAMS OF STUDY**

**To access in detail information on the occupations down below, please log in to www.eureka.org. If you’re a first time user, go to http://www.eureka.org/join/enter_code.asp. Go to “I have a site ID Code” and then insert the following Code: J1DJUXH. Enter your personal information and then click on “Dashboard” then go under “Education” and click “Majors/Programs” and lastly, select “Mathematics.”**

- Accounting
- Biology and Biological Sciences
- Business Management and Administration
- Chemistry
- Computer Engineering
- Computer Science and Programming
- Data Processing Technology
- Economics
- Engineering
- Information Technology
- Physics
- Public Health
- Teacher Education-Secondary
- Teacher Education-Elementary

**RELATED OCCUPATIONS**

**To access in detail information on the occupations down below, please log in to www.eureka.org. If you’re a first time user, go to http://www.eureka.org/join/enter_code.asp. Go to “I have a site ID Code” and then insert the following Code: J1DJUXH. Enter your personal information and then click on “Dashboard” then go under “Education” and click “Majors/Programs” and lastly, select “Mathematics.” **

- Actuaries
- Appraisers
- Auditors
- Bilingual School Teachers
- Business Programmers
- Certified Public Accountants
- Chemical Processing Workers
- Computer Programmers
- Corporate Accountants
- Elementary School Teachers
- Estimators
- Financial Analysts
- Financial Planners
- Games Programmers
- Loan Officers
- Market Researchers
- Mathematicians
- Mathematics and Science Teachers
- Middle School Teachers
- Numerical Control Tool Programmers
- Operations Research Analysts
- Scientific Programmers
- Secondary School Teachers
- Seismologists
- Software Engineers
- Statisticians
- Systems Analysts
- Systems Programmers
- University and College Teachers
- Webmasters

**GENERAL INFORMATION & STRATEGIES**

- Math majors develop transferable skills including critical thinking, problem diagnosis and solving, computer skills, and quantitative skills.
- A bachelor’s degree is often sufficient for entry-level positions, but an advanced degree may open the door to more upper-level opportunities. Pair a strong background in mathematics with another technical discipline such as computer science or engineering.
- Gain experience through volunteering, internships, and part-time or summer jobs.
- Develop competencies in a specific area of interest.
- Supplement curriculum with courses in business, economics, computers, or statistics for increased job opportunities.
- Maintain a high grade point average. Demonstrate attention to detail and commitment to accuracy.
- Build relationships with faculty for career information, contacts, and letters of recommendation.
- Join related student professional associations and seek leadership positions.
- Develop the ability to work well in teams.
- Conduct informational interviews with professionals in areas of interest to enhance knowledge and make contacts.
- Stay informed of new developments and current trends in the field.

**Schools Offering This Major/Training Program:**

**California State University:**

*CPSU San Luis Obispo*

- Mathematics BS/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Contact the University for specific details on prerequisites and deadlines. - Mathematics MS
- Statistics BS/Minor

*CSU Pomona*

- Mathematics BS/Minor (Options: Applied Mathematics; Secondary Teacher Preparation/Pure Mathematics; Statistics)
- Mathematics MS

*CSU Bakersfield*

- Mathematics BS/Minor/MA

*CSU Channel Islands*

- Mathematics BS/Minor/MS

*CSU Chico*

- Mathematics BS/Minor (Options: Applied Mathematics; Statistics)
- Mathematics Education MS
- Statistics Minor

*CSU Dominguez Hills*

- Mathematics BS (Option: Mathematics Education)
- Mathematics Minor

*CSU East Bay*

- Applied Statistics Certificate (Graduate)
- Biostatistics (Professional Science Master’s) MS (Program will accept applications for 08-09. For more information contact the Department of Statistics.)
- Foundational Mathematics Teaching Certificate
- Mathematical Statistics Certificate (Graduate)
- Mathematics BS/Minor/MS (Options: Applied Mathematics; Mathematics Teaching)
- Statistics BS/Minor
- Statistics MS (Options: Actuarial Statistics; Biostatistics; Computational Statistics; Mathematical Statistics; Applied Statistics)

*CSU Fresno*

- Mathematics BA/Minor
- Mathematics MA

*CSU Fullerton*

- Mathematics BA/Minor (Concentrations: Applied Mathematics; Probability and Statistics; Pure Mathematics; Teaching)
- Mathematics MA

*CSU Humboldt State University*

- Biometrics (Mathematics) Minor
- Mathematics BA/Minor (Option: Applied Mathematics)
- Mathematics Education BA
- Mathematics Modeling MS

*CSU Long Beach*

- Mathematics BS/Minor (Options: Applied Mathematics Education; Statistics)
- Mathematics MS

*CSU Los Angeles*

- Mathematics BA/Minor/MS (Options: General Mathematics; Pure Mathematics; Single Subject Credential)
- Mathematics BS (Options: Applied Mathematics/Computer Science; Applied Mathematics; General Mathematics; Pure Mathematics; Single Subject Credential)

*CSU Monterey Bay*

- Mathematics BS/Minor

*CSU Northridge*

- Mathematics BA (Option: Secondary Teaching)
- Mathematics BS (Options: Applied Mathematics; Statistics)
- Mathematics MS (Options: Mathematics for Educational Careers; Applied Mathematics)

*CSU Sacramento*

- Mathematics BA/Minor (Concentrations: Applied Mathematics; Statistics)
- Mathematics MA/Credential

*CSU San Bernardino*

- Mathematics BA/BS/Minor/MA/MAT

*CSU San Diego State University*

- Applied Mathematics MS (Emphases: Applied Mathematics; Theory of Communication Systems; Dynamical Systems)
- Mathematics and Science Education Ph.D.
- Mathematics BA (Emphasis: Single Subject Teaching Credential)
- Mathematics BS/Minor (Emphases: Computational Science; Math Finance; Applied Mathematics; Science)
- Statistics BS/Minor (Emphases: Actuarial Science; Statistical Computing)
- Statistics MS

*CSU San Francisco State University*

- Actuarial Science Minor
- Applied Mathematics BS
- Mathematics BA (Concentrations: Mathematics for Advanced Study; Mathematics for Liberal Arts; Mathematics for Teaching)
- Statistics BS

*CSU San Jose State University*

- Applied and Computational Mathematics BS
- Mathematics BA/Minor/MS
- Mathematics, Preparation for Teaching BA
- Mathematics-Teaching for K-8 Minor

*CSU San Marcos*

- Mathematics BS/Minor/MS

*CSU Sonoma State University*

- Applied Statistics BA
- Mathematics BA (Concentrations: Pure Mathematics; Secondary Teaching)
- Mathematics BS/Minor (Concentrations: Applied Mathematics; Computer Science)

*CSU Stanislaus*

- Mathematics BA/BS/Minor

**University of California:**

*UC Berkeley*

- Engineering Mathematics and Statistics (Engineering) BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Applicants are screened for completion of major prerequisites, general education requirements and content of personal statement. Transfer students are screened for completion of prerequisite courses by the end of the preceding spring term. For more information, contact 510-642-7594. - Logic and the Methodology of Science Ph.D (Interdisciplinary)
- Mathematics BA/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Applicants are screened for completion of major prerequisites, general education requirements and content of personal statement. Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division general education requirements which must be completed by the end of the preceding spring term for fall. For more information, contact 510-642-3175. - Mathematics MA/Ph.D.
- Mathematics, Applied BA
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Applicants are screened for completion of major prerequisites, general education requirements and content of personal statement. Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division general education requirements which must be completed by the end of the preceding spring term for fall. For more information, contact 510-642-3175. - Mathematics, Applied Ph.D.
- Statistics BA/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Applicants are screened for completion of major prerequisites, general education requirements and content of personal statement. Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division general education requirements which must be completed by the end of the preceding spring term for fall. For more information, contact 510-642-3175. - Statistics MA/Ph.D.

*UC Davis*

- Applied Mathematics BS/MS/Ph.D.
- Mathematical and Scientific Computation BS
- Mathematics AB/BS/Minor/MS/Ph.D
- Statistics AB/BS/Minor/MS/Ph.D

*UC Irvine*

- Mathematics BS/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants must have a cumulative UC transferable GPA of 2.8 and are required to have completed one year of approved calculus with a minimum GPA of 3.0. - Mathematics MS/Ph.D
- Statistics MS/Ph.D.

*UC Los Angeles*

- Biomathematics (Medicine) MS/Ph.D.
- Mathematics BS/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Mathematics for Teaching BS
- Mathematics MAT/MA/C.Phil/Ph.D.
- Mathematics of Computation BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Mathematics, Applied BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Mathematics/Applied Science BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Mathematics/Atmospheric and Oceanic Studies BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Mathematics/Economics BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Statistics BS/Minor
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Transfer applicants are screened for completion of lower division major and general education requirements. For more information, contact 310-825-3101. - Statistics MS/C.Phil/Ph.D.

*UC Merced*

- Applied Mathematical Sciences BS (Emphases: Computational Biology; Computer Science and Engineering; Economics; Engineering Mechanics; Physics)
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Highest priority will be given to junior-level California Community Colleges applicants who have completed at least 60 transferable semester (90 qtr.) in the intended major. For more information, contact 209-228-4682. - Applied Mathematics Minor
- Applied Mathematics MS/Ph.D

*UC Riverside*

- Mathematics BA/BS/Minor/MA/MS/Ph.D
- Mathematics for Secondary School Teachers BS
- Mathematics, Applied MS
- Statistics (Applied) Minor
- Statistics MS
- Statistics, Applied Ph.D.

*UC San Diego*

- Mathematics and Economics BA (Joint majors)
- Mathematics and Science Education Ph.D (Joint with SDSU)
- Mathematics and Science Education Ph.D. (Joint degree with SDSU)
- Mathematics BA/Minor/MA/Ph.D.
- Mathematics Ph.D (Specializations: Bioinformatics; Computational Science)
- Mathematics, Applied BS/MA
- Mathematics, Applied Science BA
- Mathematics, Probability and Statistics BS
- Mathematics, Scientific Computation BS
- Mathematics/Secondary Education BA
- Mathematics-Computer Science BA
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Admits students to pre-major status only. Students must satisfy all prerequisites before admission into the major. For more information, contact (858) 534-5273. - Statistics MS

*UC Santa Barbara*

- Actuarial Science BS
- Applied Mathematics MA
- Economics/Mathematics (Letter and Science) BA
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Students are admitted in pre-major standing and will be approved for admission to the full major only after certain courses are completed with a specified GPA. Contact the appropriate department for more information. - Financial Mathematics and Statistics BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Students are admitted in pre-major standing and will be approved for admission to the full major only after certain courses are completed with a specified GPA. Contact the appropriate department for more information. - Mathematical Sciences BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Students are admitted in pre-major standing and will be approved for admission to the full major only after certain courses are completed with a specified GPA. Contact the appropriate department for more information. - Mathematics (Creative Studies) BA/BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Applicants must submit supplemental application directly to the College of Creative Studies with the following: high school and/or college transcripts; two letters of recommendation on student academic background. For more information, contact 805-893-8974. - Mathematics (Letters and Science) BA/BS
**Additional requirements and/or Impacted programs:**Students are admitted in pre-major standing and will be approved for admission to the full major only after certain courses are completed with a specified GPA. Contact the appropriate department for more information. - Mathematics for High School Teaching (Letters and Science) Minor
- Mathematics MA/Ph.D
- Science and Mathematics Education Minor
- Statistical Science BA/BS/Minor
- Statistics and Applied Probability MA/Ph.D
- Statistics MA

*UC Santa Cruz*

- Applied Mathematics and Statistics MS/Ph.D
- Applied Mathematics Minor
- Mathematics BA/Minor (Concentrations: Computational Mathematics; Mathematics Education; Pure Mathematics)
- Mathematics MA/Ph.D (Concentration: Pure Mathematics)
- Statistics and Applied Mathematics MS/Ph.D
- Statistics and Stochastic Modeling MS/Ph.D.
- Statistics Minor

**This information has been provided by the www.eureka.com website**